Relationship between soil erodibility and topsoil aggregate stability or carbon content in a cultivated Mediterranean highland (Aveyron, France) - IRD - Institut de recherche pour le développement Access content directly
Journal Articles Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis Year : 1999

Relationship between soil erodibility and topsoil aggregate stability or carbon content in a cultivated Mediterranean highland (Aveyron, France)

Abstract

In the Rougiers de Camarès area (in the south of France), hillslopes are very susceptible to water erosion. This is the result of physical features (steep slopes, soft bedrocks, thin soils), climatic aggressiveness (frost, storms), as well as farming systems (intensive tillage, short crop cycles, land consolidation). The objective of this work was to study the relationships between soil erodibility, macroaggregate stability, and carbon content of surface samples (0-10 cm), in a Rougiers Entisol (Lithic Udorthent) under various management practices (flat or raised moldboard ploughing, superficial tillage, direct drilling, with inputs in the form of mineral fertilzers or sheep manure. The soil erodibility was assessed by field rainfall simulation (60 mm/h) on manually retilled bare dry soil; water-table macroaggregation (> 0.2 mm) was assessed by wet-sieving, after immersion in water. Runoff, turbidity and soil losses were linked to water-stable macroaggregation and carbon content in the 0-10 cm layer. During the first 30 minutes of rainfall, runoff and soil losses were closely correlated with topsoil initial water-stable macroaggregation, but not with topsoil carbon content (although there was a correlation between water-stable macroaggregation and carbon content). At the end of the rain (runoff steady state), turbidity and soil losses were closely correlated with topsoil carbon content, and to a lesser extent, with water-stable macroaggregation. Water-stable macroaggregation (which prevents crusting) and carbon content (which has an effect upon liquidity limit, among others) were thus important determining factors of erodibility for the studied soil. The influence of management practices on soil erodibility was therefore dependent upon their effects on these factors. (Résumé d'auteur)
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Dates and versions

ird-04169943 , version 1 (24-07-2023)

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Bernard Barthès, Alain Albrecht, Jean Asseline, Georges De Noni, Eric Roose. Relationship between soil erodibility and topsoil aggregate stability or carbon content in a cultivated Mediterranean highland (Aveyron, France). Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 1999, 30 (13-14), pp.1929-1938. ⟨10.1080/00103629909370343⟩. ⟨ird-04169943⟩

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