Pre-hispanic agricultural dynamics in the Quebrada of Morohuasi (Salta, Argentina) - IRD - Institut de recherche pour le développement Access content directly
Journal Articles Ñawpa Pacha - Journal of the Institute of Andean Studies (Berkeley) Year : 2022

Pre-hispanic agricultural dynamics in the Quebrada of Morohuasi (Salta, Argentina)

Abstract

The Quebrada de Morohuasi (Salta Province, Argentina), located in a semi-arid high-altitude environment, is known to host vast pre-Hispanic cultivation areas. Recent archaeological studies carried out in the agricultural area of Morohuasi allow for a better definition and understanding of the social and productive dynamics that took place there. Field records and AMS dating indicate two main productive phases that were discontinuous in time. These show an initial phase during the Formative Period, between the 1st and 4th centuries CE, during which the agricultural substratum was formed, and a final phase during the first decades of the 15th century CE that was related to the establishment of an agricultural colony under the control of the Inkas. Although the same cultivation plots were utilized during both phases, the mode and relations of production were substantially different, particularly in the second phase with the participation of contingents of mitmaqkunas brought from other regions.
Ubicada en un ambiente semiárido de altura, la Quebrada de Morohuasi (Salta, Argentina) es conocida por albergar vastas áreas de cultivo prehispánicas. Los recientes estudios arqueológicos realizados en el área agrícola de Morohuasi permiten una mejor definición y comprensión de las dinámicas sociales y productivas que allí se dieron. Los registros de campo y las dataciones AMS realizadas indican dos fases productivas principales discontinuas en el tiempo. Una fase inicial durante el Período Formativo, entre los siglos I y IV CE, en la cual se conforma el sustrato agrícola, y una fase final durante las primeras décadas del siglo XV CE, relacionada con el establecimiento de una colonia agrícola bajo control de los inkas. Si durante ambas fases se cultivaron las mismas parcelas, el modo y las relaciones de producción fueron sustancialmente distintas, destacándose particularmente en la segunda la participación de contingentes de mitmaqkunas llevados desde otras regiones.
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Dates and versions

ird-03738177 , version 1 (25-07-2022)

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Pablo José Cruz, Richard Joffre, T. Winkel, Bruno Roux, Christian Vitry. Pre-hispanic agricultural dynamics in the Quebrada of Morohuasi (Salta, Argentina). Ñawpa Pacha - Journal of the Institute of Andean Studies (Berkeley), 2022, ⟨10.1080/00776297.2022.2136305⟩. ⟨ird-03738177⟩
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