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Journal Articles Remote Sensing Year : 2016

A statistical algorithm for estimating chlorophyll concentration in the New Caledonian lagoon

Abstract

Spatial and temporal dynamics of phytoplankton biomass and water turbidity can provide crucial information about the function, health and vulnerability of lagoon ecosystems (coral reefs, sea grasses, etc.). A statistical algorithm is proposed to estimate chlorophyll-a concentration ([chl-a]) in optically complex waters of the New Caledonian lagoon from MODIS-derived " remote-sensing " reflectance (R rs). The algorithm is developed via supervised learning on match-ups gathered from 2002 to 2010. The best performance is obtained by combining two models, selected according to the ratio of R rs in spectral bands centered on 488 and 555 nm: a log-linear model for low [chl-a] (AFLC) and a support vector machine (SVM) model or a classic model (OC3) for high [chl-a]. The log-linear model is developed based on SVM regression analysis. This approach outperforms the classical OC3 approach, especially in shallow waters, with a root mean squared error 30% lower. The proposed algorithm enables more accurate assessments of [chl-a] and its variability in this typical oligo-to meso-trophic tropical lagoon, from shallow coastal waters and nearby reefs to deeper waters and in the open ocean.
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Dates and versions

ird-01253540 , version 1 (11-01-2016)

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Guillaume Wattelez, Cecile Dupouy, Morgan Mangeas, Jérôme Lefèvre, T. Touraivane, et al.. A statistical algorithm for estimating chlorophyll concentration in the New Caledonian lagoon. Remote Sensing, 2016, 8 (1), pp.45-68. ⟨10.3390/rs8010045⟩. ⟨ird-01253540⟩
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