Mobilising common biocultural heritage for the socioeconomic inclusion of small farmers: panarchy of two case studies on quinoa in Chile and Bolivia - IRD - Institut de recherche pour le développement Access content directly
Journal Articles Agriculture and Human Values Year : 2020

Mobilising common biocultural heritage for the socioeconomic inclusion of small farmers: panarchy of two case studies on quinoa in Chile and Bolivia

Lizbeth Núñez-Carrasco
  • Function : Author
Pablo José Cruz
  • Function : Author
Nancy Egan
Luís Sáez-Tonacca
  • Function : Author
Priscilla Cubillos-Celis
  • Function : Author
Camila Poblete-Olivera
  • Function : Author
Natalia Zavalla-Nanco
  • Function : Author
Bárbara Miño-Baes
  • Function : Author
Maria-Paz Viedma-Araya
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Valorising the biocultural heritage of common goods could enable peasant farmers to achieve socially and economically inclusive sustainability. Increasingly appreciated by consumers, peasant heritage products offer small farmers promising opportunities for economic, social and territorial development. Identifying the obstacles and levers of this complex, multi-scale and multi-stakeholder objective requires an integrative framework. We applied the panarchy conceptual framework to two cases of participatory research with small quinoa producers: a local fair in Chile and quinoa export production in Bolivia. In both cases, the "commoning" process was crucial both to bring stakeholders together inside their communities and to gain outside recognition for their production and thus achieve social and economic inclusion. Despite the differences in scale, the local fair and the export market shared a similar marketing strategy based on short value chains promoting quality products with high identity value. In these dynamics of biocultural heritage valorisation, the panarchical approach revealed the central place as well as the vulnerability of the community territory. As a place of both anchoring and opening, the community territory is the privileged space where autonomous and consensual control over the governance of common biocultural resources can be exercised.
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Dates and versions

ird-02381132 , version 1 (13-10-2021)

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Thierry Winkel, Lizbeth Núñez-Carrasco, Pablo José Cruz, Nancy Egan, Luís Sáez-Tonacca, et al.. Mobilising common biocultural heritage for the socioeconomic inclusion of small farmers: panarchy of two case studies on quinoa in Chile and Bolivia. Agriculture and Human Values, 2020, 37, pp.433-447. ⟨10.1007/s10460-019-09996-1⟩. ⟨ird-02381132⟩
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