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Journal Articles Marine Pollution Bulletin Year : 2016

The impact of long-term hydrocarbon exposure on the structure, activity, and biogeochemical functioning of microbial mats

Abstract

Photosynthetic microbial mats are metabolically structured systems driven by solar light. They are ubiquitous and can grow in hydrocarbon-polluted sites. Our aim is to determine the impact of chronic hydrocarbon contamination on the structure, activity, and functioning of a microbial mat. We compared it to an uncontaminated mat harboring similar geochemical characteristics. The mats were sampled in spring and fall for 2 years. Seasonal variations were observed for the reference mat: sulfur cycle-related bacteria dominated spring samples, while Cyanobacteria dominated in autumn. The contaminated mat showed minor seasonal variation; a progressive increase of Cyanobacteria was noticed, indicating a perturbation of the classical seasonal behavior. Hydrocarbon content was the main factor explaining the differences in the microbial community structure; however, hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria were among rare or transient Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs) in the contaminated mat. We suggest that in long-term contaminated systems, hydrocarbonoclastic bacteria cannot be considered a sentinel of contamination
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ird-02048573 , version 1 (25-02-2019)

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Johanne Aubé, Pavel Senin, Olivier Pringault, Patricia Bonin, Bruno Deflandre, et al.. The impact of long-term hydrocarbon exposure on the structure, activity, and biogeochemical functioning of microbial mats. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2016, 111 (1-2), pp.115-125. ⟨10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.07.023⟩. ⟨ird-02048573⟩
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