R. G. Allen, Using the FAO-56 dual crop coefficient method over an irrigated region as part of an evapotranspiration intercomparison study, Journal of Hydrology, vol.229, issue.1-2, pp.27-41, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-1694(99)00194-8

V. K. Arora and P. R. Gajri, Evaluation of a crop growth-water balance model for analysing wheat responses to climate- and water-limited environments, Field Crops Research, vol.59, issue.3, pp.213-224, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-4290(98)00124-5

S. Asseng, P. D. Jamieson, B. Kimball, P. Pinter, K. Sayre et al., Simulated wheat growth affected by rising temperature, increased water deficit and elevated atmospheric CO2, Field Crops Research, vol.85, issue.2-3, pp.85-102, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-4290(03)00154-0

L. A. Bastidas, H. V. Gupta, S. Sorroshian, W. J. Shuttleworth, and Z. L. Yang, Sensitivity analysis of a land surface scheme using multicriteria methods, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.7, issue.11, pp.481-19490, 1999.
DOI : 10.1029/1999JD900155

W. G. Bastiaanssen, D. J. Molden, and I. W. Makin, Remote sensing for irrigated agriculture: examples from research and possible applications, Agricultural Water Management, vol.46, issue.2, pp.137-155, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-3774(00)00080-9

K. J. Beven, How far can we go in distributed hydrological modelling?, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol.5, issue.1, pp.1-12, 2001.
DOI : 10.5194/hess-5-1-2001

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00304564

K. J. Beven and A. M. Binley, The future of distributed models: Model calibration and uncertainty prediction, Hydrological Processes 6, pp.279-298, 1992.
DOI : 10.1002/hyp.3360060305

K. J. Beven and S. W. Franks, Functional similarity in landscape scale SVAT modelling, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol.3, issue.1, pp.85-94, 1999.
DOI : 10.5194/hess-3-85-1999

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00304484

K. J. Boote, J. W. Jones, and N. B. Pickering, Potential Uses and Limitations of Crop Models, Agronomy Journal, vol.88, issue.5, pp.704-716, 1996.
DOI : 10.2134/agronj1996.00021962008800050005x

A. Chaponnière, P. Maisongrande, B. Duchemin, L. Hanich, G. Boulet et al., A combined high and low spatial resolution approach for mapping snow covered areas in the Atlas mountains, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.17, issue.13, 2005.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1980)037<2734:AMFTSA>2.0.CO;2

J. Chern, L. Lee, H. Wang, and F. Chu, An Introduction to NSPO and ROCSATs Missions, 3rd IAA Symposium on Small Satellites for Earth Observation, 2001.

J. G. Clevers, O. W. Vonder, R. E. Jonschaap, J. F. Desprats, C. King et al., Using SPOT data for calibrating a wheat growth model under mediterranean conditions, Agronomie, vol.22, issue.6, pp.687-694, 2002.
DOI : 10.1051/agro:2002038

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00885985

G. Dedieu, F. Cabot, A. Chehbouni, B. Duchemin, P. Maisongrande et al., RHEA: a micro-satellite mission for the study and modeling of land surfaces through assimilation techniques. EGS- AGU-EUG Joint Assembly, 2003.

J. Demarty, C. Ottle, I. Braud, A. Olioso, J. P. Frangi et al., Using a multiobjective approach to retrieve information on surface properties used in a SVAT model, Journal of Hydrology, vol.287, issue.1-4, pp.214-236, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2003.10.003

A. J. De-wit, H. L. Boogaard, and C. A. Van-diepen, Using NOAA???AVHRR estimates of land surface temperature for regional agrometeorogical modelling, International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, vol.5, issue.3, pp.187-204, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jag.2004.03.003

A. J. De-wit, H. L. Boogaard, and C. A. Van-diepen, Spatial resolution of precipitation and radiation: The effect on regional crop yield forecasts, pp.156-168, 2005.

Q. Duan, S. Sorooshian, and V. Gupta, Effective and efficient global optimization for conceptual rainfall-runoff models, Water Resources Research, vol.27, issue.9, pp.1015-1031, 1992.
DOI : 10.1029/91WR02985

B. Duchemin, G. Boulet, P. Maisongrande, I. Benhadj, R. Hadria et al., Un mode `le simplifié pour l'estimation du bilan hydrique et du rendement de cultures céréalières en milieu semi-aride. Deuxième Congrès Méditerranéen, 2005.

B. Duchemin, R. Hadria, S. Erraki, G. Boulet, P. Maisongrande et al., Monitoring wheat phenology and irrigation in Central Morocco: On the use of relationships between evapotranspiration, crops coefficients, leaf area index and remotely-sensed vegetation indices, Agricultural Water Management, vol.79, issue.1, pp.1-27, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agwat.2005.02.013

J. Eitzinger, M. Trnka, J. Hösch, Z. Dubrovsky´, and M. Dubrovsky´, Comparison of CERES, WOFOST and SWAP models in simulating soil water content during growing season under different soil conditions, Ecological Modelling, vol.171, issue.3, pp.223-246, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2003.08.012

S. W. Franks, K. J. Beven, P. F. Quinn, and I. R. Wright, On the sensitivity of soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer (SVAT) schemes: equifinality and the problem of robust calibration, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.86, issue.1-2, pp.63-75, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0168-1923(96)02421-5

R. Hadria, S. Khabba, A. Lahrouni, B. Duchemin, A. Chehbouni et al., Calibration and validation of the STICS crop model for managing wheat irrigation in the semi-arid Marrakech/Al Haouz Plain, Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, vol.32, issue.87, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ird-00389408

P. D. Jamieson, J. R. Porter, J. Goudriaan, J. T. Ritchie, H. Van-keulen et al., A comparison of the models AFRCWHEAT2, CERES-Wheat, Sirius, SUCROS2 and SWHEAT with measurements from wheat grown under drought, Field Crops Research, vol.55, issue.1-2, pp.23-44, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-4290(97)00060-9

I. Jonckheere, S. Fleck, K. Nackaerts, B. Muysa, P. Coppin et al., Review of methods for in situ leaf area index determination . Part I. Theories, sensors and hemispherical photography, 2004.

S. E. Jørgensen, Models as instruments for combination of ecological theory and environmental practice, Ecological Modelling, vol.75, issue.76, pp.75-76, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0304-3800(94)90003-5

D. B. Lobell, G. P. Asner, J. I. Ortiz-monasterio, and T. L. Benning, Remote sensing of regional crop production in the Yaqui Valley, estimates and uncertainties. Agriculture. Ecosystems and Environment 94, pp.205-220, 2003.

S. J. Maas, Parameterized Model of Gramineous Crop Growth: I. Leaf Area and Dry Mass Simulation, Agronomy Journal, vol.85, issue.2, pp.348-353, 1993.
DOI : 10.2134/agronj1993.00021962008500020034x

H. Meinke, G. L. Hammer, H. Van-keulen, and R. Rabbinge, Improving wheat simulation capabilities in Australia from a cropping systems perspective III. The integrated wheat model (I_WHEAT), European Journal of Agronomy, vol.8, issue.1-2, pp.101-116, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S1161-0301(97)00015-4

X. Mo, S. Liu, Z. Lin, Y. Xu, Y. Xiang et al., Prediction of crop yield, water consumption and water use efficiency with a SVAT-crop growth model using remotely sensed data on the North China Plain, Ecological Modelling, vol.183, issue.2-3, pp.301-322, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2004.07.032

J. L. Monteith, Climate and the Efficiency of Crop Production in Britain [and Discussion], Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol.281, issue.980, pp.277-294, 1977.
DOI : 10.1098/rstb.1977.0140

S. Moulin, A. Bondeau, and R. Delécolle, Combining agricultural crop models and satellite observations: From field to regional scales, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol.19, issue.6, 1998.
DOI : 10.1080/014311698215586

O. Connell, M. G. O-'leary, G. J. Whitfield, D. M. Connor, and D. J. , Interception of photosynthetically active radiation and radiation-use efficiency of wheat, field pea and mustard in a semi-arid environment, Field Crops Research, vol.85, issue.2-3, pp.111-124, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-4290(03)00156-4

O. Leary, G. J. Connor, and D. J. , A simulation model of the wheat crop in response to water and nitrogen supply: II. Model validation, Agricultural Systems, vol.52, issue.1, pp.31-55, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0308-521X(96)00002-9

J. E. Olesen, J. Berntsen, E. M. Hansen, B. M. Petersen, and J. Petersen, Crop nitrogen demand and canopy area expansion in winter wheat during vegetative growth, European Journal of Agronomy, vol.16, issue.4, pp.279-294, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S1161-0301(01)00134-4

A. Olioso, Y. Inoue, S. Ortega-farias, J. Demarty, J. Wigneron et al., Future directions for advanced evapotranspiration modeling: Assimilation of remote sensing data into crop simulation models and SVAT models, Irrigation and Drainage Systems, vol.69, issue.3-4, pp.377-412, 2005.
DOI : 10.1007/s10795-005-8143-z

M. Pala, C. O. Stockle, and H. C. Harris, Simulation of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum) growth under different water and nitrogen regimes in a mediterranean environment using CropSyst, Agricultural Systems, vol.51, issue.2, pp.147-163, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0308-521X(95)00043-5

R. K. Panda, S. K. Behera, and P. S. Kashyap, Effective management of irrigation water for wheat under stressed conditions, Agricultural Water Management, vol.63, issue.1, pp.37-56, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0378-3774(03)00099-4

J. Pellenq and G. Boulet, A methodology to test the pertinence of remotesensing data assimilation into vegetation models for water and energy exchange at the land surface, Agronomie, vol.24, 2004.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00886008

J. R. Porter and M. Gawith, Temperatures and the growth and development of wheat: a review, European Journal of Agronomy, vol.10, issue.1, pp.23-36, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S1161-0301(98)00047-1

J. Rodriguez, B. Duchemin, R. Hadria, C. Watts, J. Garatuza et al., Wheat yield estimation using remote sensing and the STICS model in the semiarid Yaqui valley, Mexico, Agronomie, vol.24, issue.6-7, 2004.
DOI : 10.1051/agro:2004037

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00886033

I. M. Scotford and P. C. Miller, Applications of Spectral Reflectance Techniques in Northern European Cereal Production: A Review, Biosystems Engineering, vol.90, issue.3, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2004.11.010

T. R. Sinclair and J. Amir, A model to assess nitrogen limitations on the growth and yield of spring wheat, Field Crops Research, vol.30, issue.1-2, pp.63-78, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0378-4290(92)90057-G

G. Szeicz, Solar Radiation for Plant Growth, The Journal of Applied Ecology, vol.11, issue.2, pp.617-636, 1974.
DOI : 10.2307/2402214

C. J. Tucker, History of the use of AVHRR data for land applications Advances in the Use of NOAA AVHRR Data for Land Applications, 1996.

C. Varlet-grancher, R. Bonhomme, M. Chartier, and P. Artis, Efficience de la conversion de l'e ´nergie solaire par un couvert végétal, Acta OecologiaOecologia Plantarum, vol.17, pp.3-26, 1982.

W. Verhoef and H. Bach, Remote sensing data assimilation using coupled radiative transfer models, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, vol.28, issue.1-3, pp.3-13, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S1474-7065(03)00003-2

J. A. Vrugt, C. G. Diks, W. Bouten, H. V. Gupta, and J. M. Verstraten, Towards a complete treatment of uncertainty in hydrologic modelling: combining the strengths of global optimisation and data assimilation, Water Resources Research, vol.41, pp.10-1029, 2005.

J. A. Vrugt, H. V. Gupta, W. Bouten, and S. Sorooshian, A Shuffled Complex Evolution Metropolis algorithm for optimization and uncertainty assessment of hydrologic model parameters, Water Resources Research, vol.5, issue.1, pp.120110-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2002WR001642

T. Wagener, D. P. Boyle, M. J. Lees, H. S. Wheater, H. V. Gupta et al., A framework for development and application of hydrological models, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 5, pp.13-26, 2001.
DOI : 10.5194/hess-5-13-2001

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00304565

A. Wahbi and T. R. Sinclair, Simulation analysis of relative yield advantage of barley and wheat in an eastern Mediterranean climate. Field Crops Research 91, pp.287-296, 2005.

D. Wallach, B. Goffinet, J. Bergez, P. Debaeke, and N. A. Leenhardt, The effect of parameter uncertainty on a model with adjusted parameters, Agronomie, vol.22, issue.2, 2002.
DOI : 10.1051/agro:2002006

M. Weiss, F. Baret, G. J. Smith, I. Jonckheere, and P. Coppin, Review of methods for in situ leaf area index (LAI) determination, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.121, issue.1-2, pp.37-53, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.agrformet.2003.08.001

J. M. Welles and J. M. Norman, Instrument for Indirect Measurement of Canopy Architecture, Agronomy Journal, vol.83, issue.5, pp.818-825, 1991.
DOI : 10.2134/agronj1991.00021962008300050009x

Q. Xue, A. Weiss, S. Baenziger, and P. , Predicting leaf appearance in field-grown winter wheat: evaluating linear and non-linear models, Ecological Modelling, vol.175, issue.3, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2003.10.018