Historical biogeographical analysis of the Udoteaceae (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) elucidates origins of high species diversity in the Central Indo-Pacific, Western Indian Ocean and Greater Caribbean regions - IRD - Institut de recherche pour le développement Access content directly
Journal Articles European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry Year : 2022

Historical biogeographical analysis of the Udoteaceae (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) elucidates origins of high species diversity in the Central Indo-Pacific, Western Indian Ocean and Greater Caribbean regions

Abstract

There is a growing interest in elucidating the biogeographical processes underlying biodiversity patterns of seaweeds, with recent studies largely focusing on red and brown macroalgae. This study focuses on the siphonous green algal family Udoteaceae, which is diverse and globally distributed in tropical to warm-temperate seas, and includes species that form important components of tropical reefs. We explored the historical processes that have shaped current biodiversity patterns in the family by analyzing a comprehensive dataset of 568 specimens sampled across its geographical range, and including 45 species, corresponding to 59% of the known diversity. Historical biogeographical analysis was based on a three-locus time-calibrated phylogeny, and probabilistic modeling of geographical range evolution. Many species were found to have restricted ranges, indicative of low dispersal capacity. Our analysis points toward a Western Tethys origin and early diversification of the Udoteaceae in the Triassic period. Three centers of diversity were identified, which are, in order of highest species richness, the Central Indo-Pacific, the Western Indian Ocean, and the Greater Caribbean. Different drivers have likely played a role in shaping these diversity centres. Species richness in the Central Indo-Pacific likely resulted from speciation within the region, as well as recolonization from neighbouring regions, and overlap of some wider ranged species, corroborating the "biodiversity feedback" model. Species richness in the Western Indian Ocean can be explained by ancient and more recent diversification within the region, and dispersal from the 2 Central Indo-Pacific. The Greater Caribbean region was colonized more recently, followed by diversification within the region.
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Dates and versions

hal-03545559 , version 1 (27-01-2022)

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Laura Lagourgue, Frederik Leliaert, Claude E Payri. Historical biogeographical analysis of the Udoteaceae (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) elucidates origins of high species diversity in the Central Indo-Pacific, Western Indian Ocean and Greater Caribbean regions. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2022, 230, pp.114104. ⟨10.1016/j.ejmech.2022.114104⟩. ⟨hal-03545559⟩
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